Mr. Jim Hoagland
- 1971 winner, International Reporting category
- 1991 winner, Commentary category
Jim Hoagland was born in Rock Hill, S. C. in January, 1940. He graduated from the University of South Carolina with an A. B. in journalism in 1961 and undertook a year’s graduate study at the University of Aix-en-Provence on a Rotary Club Fellowship.
After serving as a U.S. Air Force officer in Germany, Hoagland moved to Paris in 1964 to work for the International Edition of The New York Times, where he edited and wrote about the lively jazz culture developing in the French capital. In 1966, Hoagland joined the Post, where he would go to win two Pulitzer Prizes and other awards as a reporter, editor and syndicated columnist.
Covering the tumult of Washington during the apogee of the civil rights movement and Vietnam war protests propelled Hoagland to his first assignment as a foreign correspondent. Reporting on Africa from Nairobi, Kenya, Hoagland won his first Pulitzer for his coverage of the anti-apartheid struggle in South Africa in 1971. Banned from that country for five years, he returned in 1976 to write another ground-breaking series that won the Overseas Press Club’s Bob Considine award. He was promptly banned once again by the apartheid government.
Transferred to Beirut in 1972 to serve as Middle East correspondent, Hoagland covered the 1973 Arab-Israeli war, the invasion of Cyprus, Saddam Hussein’s brutal repression of the Kurdish revolt in Iraq, and the beginning of Lebanon’s civil war. He also charted the rise of Arab oil power and broke the news of Saudi Arabia’s plan to impose an oil embargo on the United States.
He became Paris bureau chief in late 1975 to write authoritatively about Eurocommunism, the democratization of Spain, Portugal’s revolutionary turmoil, and other global topics. In 1979, he became Foreign Editor of The Washington Post and was named Assistant Managing Editor in 1981. He began a syndicated foreign affairs column in July, 1986, from Paris. He concentrated on the collapse of Communist regimes in Eastern Europe and Mikhail Gorbachev’s effort to reform communism in the Soviet Union. He was in Beijing for Gorbachev’s visit in May, 1989, and witnessed the upheaval that visit sparked. He returned to a Washington base in 1990 and continued his column and in-depth interviews with world leaders.
He won his second Pulitzer in 1991 for commentary about events leading up to the Gulf war and the failure of Gorbachev leadership. In 2002, the editors of The Times of London, Le Figaro, Die Welt, and four other leading European newspapers headed a jury that awarded Hoagland a special Europa prize for contribuing to U.S-European understanding.
Author of “South Africa: Civilizations in Conflict”, Hoagland is presently a Contributing Editor at The Washington Post. He was made a chevalier of the Legion in 2006 at the Quai d’Orsay in Paris, and promoted to officer on June 24, 2006 at the French ambassador’s residence.